It is defined as a repeated uncontrollable
shaking of body due to rapid and repeated contraction and relaxation of
muscles. This occurs due to excessive neural activity of brain.
Sometimes the term 'Convulsions' is used as a synonym of 'Seizures'.
They usually last for 30 seconds to 2 minutes. In some patients, time
period can be changed.
3.Intoxication and withdrawal of drugs or narcotics.
5.Fever especially in young children.
7.Low blood sugar.
8.Chronic blood pressure.
10.Toxaemia of pregnancy.
Signs and symptoms:
There are involuntary changes in body movement or function, sensation,
awareness, or behavior.
1.Spasmodic contractions of muscles with twitching and jerking.
2.Blackout followed by state of confusion,
3.Dribbling of saliva or frothing from mouth.
5.Abnormal breathing pattern.
6.Clenching of teeth.
7.Passage of urine or stools.
8.Unusual behavior like anger, laughter, picking of clothes etc.
Types of seizures:
1.Tonic clonic seizures:
In this, there is retrograde amnesia. Patient becomes rigid,
unconscious, falling down heavily if standing. Incontinence of urine,
biting of tongue and respiration is arrested followed by central
cyanosis. After rigidity, clonic jerks start followed by flaccid state
of deep coma. Patient regains its consciousness in few minutes and full
memory is regained in few days.
2.Complex Partial seizures:
There is altered consciousness without collapsing of patient. There is
blackout in which patient is stop doing his work and stares blankly,
rhythmic smaking movement of lips, and displaying automatisms like
picking of clothes. Before attack patient shows alteration of mood,
behavior, perception and hallucination of sound, smell, taste, viscera
etc. After attack, patient returns to its consciousness in few minutes
in confused and drowsy state.
A type of minor seizures resembles complex partial seizures. A
generalized absence epilepsy of childhood known as 'petit mal'.
4.Partial motor seizures:
This arises from motor cortex affecting the contralateral face, arm ant
trunk or leg. They may be localized or spread gradually to other parts
of body, called as jacksonian epilepsy.
5.Partial sensory seizures:
This arises from sensory cortex causing abnormal electric sensations on
contralateral face and limbs.
There is forced deviation of the eyes and later on turned into
generalized tonic clonic seizures.
In this visual hallucinations are present.
2.Lumbar puncture: to detect underlying cause like meningitis, drug
3.CT Scan, MRI- to detect any pathology present.
4.EEG- to detect electrical activity of brain.
1.Protect patient from injury during attack.
2.Loosen tight clothing especially from neck.
3.During vomiting, turn patient to its side in order to prevent
aspiration of fluid into lungs.
4.Call for medical help in cases of emergency.
5.Homoeopathy- Homoeopathy can be proclaimed to be definitely effective
in treating cases of convulsions. Homoeopathy treats the patient as a
whole; disease will be definitely cured automatically and permanently.
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