Mastitis is an infection of the breast. It
usually only occurs in women who are breastfeeding their babies,
although in rare circumstances this condition can occur outside of
Often, mastitis occurs within the first six weeks after birth
(postpartum), but it can happen later during breast-feeding. The
condition can leave you feeling exhausted and rundown, making it
difficult to care for your baby.
1. Puerperal mastitis
Puerperal mastitis is the inflammation of breast in connection with
pregnancy, breastfeeding or weaning. It is caused by blocked milk ducts
or milk excess. It is relatively common, estimates range depending on
methodology between 5-33%. However only about 0.4-0.5% of breastfeeding
mothers develop an abscess.
2. Nonpuerperal mastitis
The term nonpuerperal mastitis describes inflammatory lesions of the
breast occurring unrelated to pregnancy and breastfeeding. This article
includes description of mastitis as well as various kinds of mammary
abscesses. Skin related conditions like dermatitis and foliculitis are
a separate entity.
Names for non-puerperal mastitis are not used very consistently and
include Mastitis, Subareolar Abscess, Duct Ectasia, Periductal
Inflammation, Zuska's Disease and others.
Mastitis occurs when bacteria enter your breast through a break or
crack in the skin of your nipple or through the opening to the milk
ducts in your nipple. Bacteria from your skin's surface and baby's
mouth enter the milk duct and can multiply - leading to pain, redness
and swelling of the breast as infection progresses.
1.Swelling of breast.
2.Pain in the breast continuously or while feeding.
3.Tenderness of breast.
4.Warm to touch
5.Skin redness often in a wedge shaped pattern.
- Sore or cracked nipples, although mastitis can develop
without broken skin.
- A previous bout of mastitis while breast-feeding
- Using only one position to breast-feed, which may not fully
drain the breast.
- Wearing a tight fitting bra, this may restrict milk flow.
3.Breast abscess if it not treated properly.
If it is diagnosed early, mastitis is easy and quick to treat with the
help of medicines.
Other helping factors-
Make sure your baby is latched on properly at the breast and feeding
Try different feeding positions if they
help baby to latch on better.
To keep the affected breast well drained,
breastfeed as often as baby wants to.
Express milk by hand or with a pump, after
feeds, if mother feels that baby has not used the breast well.
Some mothers find a breast pump removes
milk better than their baby, particularly if they also have sore
If mother feels ill, rest as much as you
Apply warmth to the affected area, such as
a flannel or compress, or have a warm bath or shower. Some mothers find
that cold compresses work better.
Gently massage the breast while feeding
baby. Vigorous massage can actually make mastitis worse by pushing the
"leaked" milk further into the breast tissue.
Role of Homoeopathy
Homoeopathic medicine - there are many medicines in homoeopathy to
control the growth of bacteria by improving the natural healing processes of a person. The recurrent nature of mastitis can also be avoided with the help of homeopathic medicines.
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