Diarrhoea is an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal fluidity and frequency of fecal evacuations, generally the result of increased motility in the colon. The loss of fluids through diarrhea can cause severe dehydration which is one cause of death in diarrhea sufferers.
It is an extremely common presenting complaint. It is usually is due to faeco-oral transmission of micro-organisms.
|a.Infective food poisoning||- Rotavirus
- Amoebic dysentery
|c.Toxin mediated||- Bacillius
|a.Gastro-intestinal Disorder||- Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.
- Acute Diverticulitis
|b.Metabolic upset||- Pelvic Inflammatory disease.
c.Drugs and Toxins
Chronic or Relapsing Diarrhoea
It can be present with increased frequency of defecation and loose, watery or pellety stools. Diarrhoea rarely occurs in night and usually aggravated before and after breakfast. The stool is often contains mucus but never blood, and 24-hours stool volume is less than 200g.
1. Blood and mucus in stool.
2. Cramping lower abdominal pain.
2. Undigested food in stool.
3.Weight loss and nutritional disturbances.
1. Large amount of watery stool.
2. Abdominal bloating.
3. Cramping mid-abdominal pain.
4. Irritable Bowel
Cancer of pancreas
2. Drug- induced
|Condition||Well alert||Restless, Irritable||Lethargic|
|Eyes||Normal||Sunken||Very sunken & dry|
|Mouth & tongue||Moist||Dry||Very dry|
|Skin pinch||Goes back quickly||Goes back slowly||Goes back very slowly|
|Thirst||Not thirsty||Thirsty||Drinks poorly/ unable to drink|
|Urine||Reduction in urine||Marked reduction in urine|